Loveland Garden Club
Don’t be alarmed when your pine trees begin to drop needles. It is normal for pine trees to begin shedding 3-year old needles in the fall
Apply a winterizer fertilizer (high N, low K and P) to Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and tall fescue lawns between early October and early November. This application should be made while the grass is still green and prior to the ground freezing. Use one pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet of lawn. Do not fertilize Buffalograss, Blue Grama, or Bermuda grass at this time of the year.
October is a good month to plant spring-blooming bulbs: tulip, daffodil, hyacinth, scilla, allium and crocus. Be sure to amend heavy clay soil with organic matter (compost) and apply a phosphorus fertilizer to the soil prior to planting the bulbs.
Dig up and store spring-planted bulbs (caladiums, callas, cannas, dahlias, tuberous begonias, gladiolus) after frost kills the foliage.
Rake up and dispose of leaves from rose bushes and other plants that showed signs of disease, such as rust, mildew, or blackspot. A thorough clean-up will help prevent problems next year. If problems were severe this year you may want to spray the plants and the soil surface with a fungicide. Be sure to read and follow instructions on the label.
Garlic fans can plant garlic this month. Select a sunny site, amend the soil, plant the cloves from the garlic bulbs, cover the bed with a layer of mulch and water well.
During fall and winter your lawn and plants will still need water after your sprinkler system has been shut off and winterized for the season. Periodically apply water early in the morning when temperatures are above freezing and the ground isn’t frozen.